Strength and balance training for improved knee health
The tibiofemoral joint (knee) often becomes arthritic due to wear and tear of the cartilage, and clients often ask what I can do to improve this. I always tell my clients that improving the strength of the surrounding musculature and improving the neuromuscular control of the knee through balance training will significantly improve their knee health by providing support throughout a variety of movements.
What is neuromuscular control?
Neuromuscular control involves the body’s ability to contract the correct muscles during movements to provide stabilisation; this is done through the proprioceptive system. This system is made up of muscle spindles, located in the belly of the muscle and Golgi tendon organs that are located in the tendons, these two mechanisms send information to the brain regarding muscle tension, the velocity of stretch and joint position. The brain is then able to send back an appropriate response through motor neurons.
How can exercise improve the proprioceptive system?
By offsetting a person’s balance the body will increase and improve the signals that are sent to the brain. Through balance training the control of the knee and the body’s ability to maintain proper alignment is improved, this, in turn, decreases the wear and tear of the knee.
If you have trouble with your balance and continually have sore knees, consult an Exercise Physiologist at one of our Optimum studios today.