In Australia alone, every 10 minutes, separate individuals encounter a stroke equating to over 60,000 strokes annually. In fact, over half a million individuals are predicted to suffer from a stroke in the next 10 years, causing this to be the main cause of injuries for Australians. As a result, 60% of people with a stroke will develop associated difficulties swallowing from these situations (dysphagia), as well as 20% developing issues involving spoken language (aphasia).
IMPLICATIONS OF A STROKE
When blood flow to the brain is disrupted a stroke occurs. It can inflict damage to the affected brain components which may contribute to difficulties in areas including:
- speech comprehension
- recognition and usage of body language and movements
- thought processing
- social interaction
TIPS IN COMMUNICATION TO THOSE EFFECTED BY A STROKE:
- Talk in brief , clear sequences
Give the individual a chance for discussion, avoid hurrying and trying to finish their sentences
- Empower the individual to be as independent as possible, however offer assistance if requested or needed
- Urge each individual to speak, even though it takes a long time
- Remain empathetic to the individuals struggle and anger
Speech pathologists can assist individuals that have suffered from a stroke, studying, diagnosing and treating communication disorders as well as issues with swallowing. A speech pathologist can offer advanced support and guidance about how best to improve speaking and/or swallowing impairments that arise as well as rehabilitation options.